The Department of Operative Techniques and Surgical Research of the Institute of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen deals with education and surgery-related basic- and applied research. The Department is one of the departments of the Institute of Surgery, with independent finance functioning and stuffing structure, as well as with own educational and research activity. The Department is located in two buildings on ~1,300 square meters.
The predecessor of the Department, The Institute of Surgical Anatomy and Operative Techniques, was established in the academic year of 1950/51, of which first director was Dr. Denes Nagy . One year later, the Institute was directed by Prof. Dr. Gyorgy Bornemisza between 1952-1986. The name of the Institute from 1972 was Institute of Experimental Surgery. Between 1986-2000 the head of the Institute was Prof. Dr. Istvan Furka, and from 2000 Prof. Dr. Iren Miko. The name of the Institute in 2000 was changed to Institute of Operative Techniques and Surgical Research, than in 2004, by forming the integrated Institute of Surgery, it became its’ independent Department.
The Department has a wide range of educational activity and programs. On graduate level, we teach main compulsory subjects, compulsory and freely chosen elective courses both in Hungarian and English Program of the Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry and Faculty of Pharmacy.
On postgraduate level, we organize Ph.D. courses, and within the confines of the Resident Education Program, besides the 9 accredited courses on the Continuous Postgraduate Educational Program with special trainings, we have the one-month skill training, which is obligatory for every resident of the operative medicine (which had been 3-weeks long “Operative Techniques Training” course previously)
The current major research fields of the Department are:
- Parenchymal organ preservation techniques
- Ischemia-reperfusion of different organs and tissues (limbs, liver, kidney, small intestine, muscle-flap, testicles), also related to vascular interventions (vascular anastomoses, creating artificial shunts, implanting vascular grafts).
- Comparative hemorheological investigations (interspecies and gender differences of hemorheological parameters of experimental/laboratory animals), methodology, adaptation
- In addition, we take part in different clinical studies with the special instruments of our Hemorheological Research Laboratory
Several intensive Ph.D. and Scientific Student Association works are connected to the above mentioned topics, and with that education of the teaching-researcher recruitment are provided.
In the Announcement of the 24th Congress of the Experimental Surgical Section of Hungarian Surgical Society, that will be held in Debrecen, Hungary, on 13-15 June, 2013, the following thoughts were declared: „…We put a premium on the meetings of clinicians’ and experts’ specialized with research, stimulating discussions and establishing of much more, more closer co-operations, as we believe that this is one of main goal of the experimental surgery. We believe that altogether with the traditions, honoring the masters, supporting talented youth, tight collaboration with the clinicum, the committed education and the devoted research can improve the surgery and the experimental surgery in the further decades, too.” – Norbert Nemeth (President of the Congress), Iren Miko (Honorary President of the Congress) and Istvan Furka (Perpetual Honorary President of the Congress)
In my opinion, the thoughts above reflect righteously the perspective of half a century in the history of the Department, give strength to the present and provide the foundation of the future.